For maps and more at: http://www.wildhorseandburro.blm.gov/statistics/index.htm
US Forest Service Wild Horse Territories
The Carson City BLM Field Office includes the following Herd Management Areas: (Herds # 300's)
|NV301 Flanigan||NV310 Clan Alpine|
NV311 Augusta Mountains (Augusta Mountains is the exception here: It is managed by the Winnemucca Office)
Flanigan (NV301) and Fort Sage (managed by California) are adjoining and the horses intermingle freely. They are located 35 miles North of Reno. Horses in this area are large boned and resemble small draft horses such as the Freisian. Due to rough terrain, the animals are sure-footed and hardy.
Donoma is a 6 year old mustang mare. 14 hands tall and very Drafty. She is currently "in school" with me, we are taking the John Lyons apprenticeship together and loving it! - Melissa Bucy
Dogskin Mtns is located about 30 miles North of Reno, and the entire HMA is very rocky and mountainous, resulting in very sound, sure-footed horses. It is a small are with an AML of only 15 animals. The mare pictured at right is the exception, but most Dogskin Mtn horses are solid colored and are reported toresemble the Morgan horse breed in appearance.
|Granite Peak is located adjacent to Dogskin Mtn, and the 2 herd areas are managed together. AML for Granite Peak is 18 animals. Like Dogskin Mtn, Granite Peak is steep and rocky, resulting in surefooted horses.|
NV304 PahRah (zeroed in 1985)
There are several theories on the origins of the Pine Nut herd. The first is that they are descendants of Shetland ponies used in the mines and bred locally by a Shetland breeder, into the 1940's. When the breeder retired, he simply released them into the wild, where they mixed with local wild horses.Cathy Barcomb of the Wild Horse Commission says this about the Pine Nut horses:
"Thank you Nancy for posting the photos and generating interest in these special horses. They tend to be on the smaller side. It is my understanding, in the 1940's a person(s) had turned loose a large group of Shetland ponies. Through years of breeding the Pine Nut Herd Management Area was better known for these smaller horses. They don't look like true Shetlands because of the horse mix. The result was just a smaller size horse. They would be great POA type horses, they are strong horses and have incredible stamina and good conformation, just smaller. They tend to be 13-14 hands and some up to 14.2"
Another theory comes from a local retired brand inspector who was born and raised in Pine Nut Country. He says the Shetland theory is incorrect. He says they are very "Old Spanish" in type and size, and that they never mixed with other horses, so they are more likely a relatively pure group of ancient lineage.
Yet another theory is that they are descended from some kind of small horse or pony used in the Comstock Tunnel mines, to pull ore out of the deep, narrrow mine tunnels. Small horses and ponies have a long history of serving in mines in Greaat Britain and mainland Europe. It is also known that a strain of very tough ponies or small horses, possibly Exmoors, were imported from Great Britain to work in the Comstock mines.
So I decided to find out if DNA analysis could shed some light on this unique herd's history. In 2009, I pulled from my Pine Nut Pony, 36 mane hairs with hairbulb attached, and sent them to Dr. Gus Cothran. He analyzed it, and added the info to the analysis he had done for BLM with the 2003 gather. The results are fascinating, although they raise as many questions as they answer.
The herd has very low genetic variability, despite being fairly large in numbers. The likely reason is that at some point back in time, the herd was very small, so all animals are descended from that small original genepool. The herd also is unique among wild horse herds - it does not genetically show a relationsip to any other known, tested wild horse herd. The living domestic breeds that the herd resembles most closely in genetic type are the South American Criollos and similar breeds of known Old Spanish ancestry, and the Exmoor Pony.
This latter fact is fascinating to me, since Exmoors are a very ancient breed.
These test results support the old brand inspector's history more than any of the others, although the possibility of Shetland blood is not entirely ruled out - but not obviously supported either.
|My new Pine Nut Pony|
picked up 11-25-2007
This little guy was one of three weanlings that was picked up with a band that wandered into a residential neighborhood in the Minden-Gardnerville area. He was fully processed by BLM including receiving his vaccinations, interstate health certificate, brand certificate and being gelded before being turned over to the Fish Springs Posse. The Posse volunteers got permission to bring them to California for placement as Nevada is in "horse overload."
The other two more colorful ponies were adopted but poor Piney, a plain bay, found himself a 2-striker in his first month in California. So I took him, sight unseen - with the help of Edona Miller, who brought him down from Litchfield for me. First he was a halter project, but I quickly realized I wanted to keep him, so I adopted him in December, 2007. He is the smartest, fastest-learning horse I have ever known!
Piney and Sparky
Piney's "First Ride" at age 3
PINE NUT HORSES IN THE WILD
Wild Pine Nut horses photographed by Kathy Port
Wild Pine Nut studs photographed by Kathy Port
Wild Pine Nut band photographed by Kathy Port
Wild Pine Nut Stallion photographed by Kathy Port
Pine Nut horses at Palomino Valley in November, 2008
Gentle Ben from Lahontan HMA, adopted by Sharon Kipping
AML is 7 - 10 animals. The HMA is known for its high percentage of pintos as well as buckskins.
Lahontan Horses at PVC, 2004-2005
Grullo colt with star on forehead
buckskin pinto colt
NV308 Horse Springs
AML: 612 - 979 animals
Clan Alpine has a healthy population of mountain lions, resulting in low annual population increase to the horses, and many areas are populated primarily with older horses. The horses are solid =colored, bay, or gray in color, and they test genetically to be related to the Quarter Horse, Morgan, and Saddlebred.
Garfield Flat mare
Weanling on Internet Adoption
He was caught in January 2005. We call him Bandit and adopted him this past January. His papers say he is 3 years old.
- Jessie in KY
|Pilot Mountains was partially gathered in winter of 2005-2006 and when winter conditions prevented the gather from continuing it was stopped, and then resumed and finished in July of 2006.|
NV315 Gabbs Valley
|Wild Burro Range|
This herd's population is perfectly balanced with its environment - mountain lions keep the population from getting out of control. As a result, this herd has never been gathered.
This is such a rare ecological phenomenon that UC Davis takes students on a study trip each spring. Several private pack stations also take visitors to this region.
Photo from Rock Creek Pack Station website. This pack station takes people on horseback tours to see the Montgomery Pass mustangs
since July 30, 2007
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