THE CREME GENE IS AN "INCOMPLETE DOMINANT" THAT CREATES PALOMINO, BUCKSKIN, CREMELLO, PERLINO, SMOKY BLACK, and SMOKY CREAM. Like all Dilution Genes, it "bleaches out" the base coat.

This band of wild horses include almost the full range of Creme Gene coloring

What the Creme Gene Does:
Base Color 1 (Single) Creme Gene 2 (Double) Creme Genes

Red

Palomino

Cremello

Bay

Buckskin

Perlino

Black
 

Smoky Black

Smoky Cream*

* Smokey Cream horses and perlino horses look pretty much the same, visually. The new Creme and Agouti tests on the market now allow accurate identification.

The Creme Gene is an Incomplete Dominant.

It is Dominant in that if a horse has just one creme gene, it will affect the horse's coloring.

Its Dominance is "Incomplete" in that the effect created by one gene is magnified when there are two.

Thus, a single gene lightens red to palomino. A double set of creme genes further bleaches it to the nearly-white, blue-eyed, pink-skinned Cremello.

The Single-Creme Colors:

  • Palomino

  • Buckskin

  • Smoky Black

The Double-Creme Colors:

  • Cremello

  • Perlino

  • Smoky Cream

Single Creme on Red
PALOMINO
Single Creme on Bay
BUCKSKIN
Single Creme on Black
SMOKEY BLACK

Palomino mustang owned by the US Marines Color Guard

Buckskin draft cross owned by Red's Meadows Pack Station

Smokey Black Quarter Horse looks almost black, but with some bronze shading
Double Creme on Red
CREMELLO
Double Creme on Bay
PERLINO
Double Creme on Black
SMOKEY CREME

Cremello mustang from Granite Range HMA

Perlino mustang (left) with either cremello or perlino friend, both adopted by Greg Schultz of Oregon

Smokey Cream Welsh pony stallion

Click here for: Cremello/Perlino Information page by Wendy Bockman

 

CREME GENE TESTING NOW AVAILABLE!

Both The University of California at Davis and Animal Genetics, Inc. of Florida can test for the presence of Tobiano, Red, Frame, Creme, Silver, Sabino1, and Agouti (Bay). The test for Tobiano can determine whether or not a horse is homozygous of heterozygous (good to know if you are trying to breed for Tobiano).

You can download forms for these tests from their website-- follow
the links from http://www.vgl.ucdavis.edu

OR, from the Animal Genetics website
http://www.animalgenetics.us/Equine.htm

The DILUTION Genes: | Creme Genes:

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